Together with the Cognitive and Affective Regulation Laboratory (CARLA) we host a virtual talk series together — now, typically on Mondays. Our aim: to support early-career researchers and underrepresented groups by providing a platform for their work and increasing networking opportunities.
If you'd like to give a talk, drop us a message and we'll get it organised.
This presentation delves into the necessity for simplified models in the field of psychological sciences to cater to a diverse audience of practitioners. We introduce the #PsychMapping model, evaluate its merits and limitations, and discuss its place in contemporary scientific culture. The #PsychMapping model is the product of an extensive literature review, initially within the realm of sport and exercise psychology and subsequently encompassing a broader spectrum of psychological sciences. This model synthesizes the progress made in psychological sciences by categorizing variables into a framework that distinguishes between traits (e.g., body structure and personality) and states (e.g., heart rate and emotions). Furthermore, it delineates internal traits and states from the externalized self, which encompasses behaviour and performance. All three components—traits, states, and the externalized self—are in a continuous interplay with external physical, social, and circumstantial factors. Two core processes elucidate the interactions among these four primary clusters: external perception, encompassing the mechanism through which external stimuli transition into internal events, and self-regulation, which empowers individuals to become autonomous agents capable of exerting control over themselves and their actions. While the model inherently oversimplifies intricate processes, the central question remains: does its pragmatic utility outweigh its limitations, and can it serve as a valuable tool for comprehending human behaviour?
Mon, 11 Mar 2024
Impact of personality profiles on emotion regulation efficiency: insights on experience, expressivity and physiological arousal
People are confronted every day with internal or external stimuli that can elicit emotions. In order to avoid negative ones, or to pursue individual aims, emotions are often regulated. The available emotion regulation strategies have been previously described as efficient or inefficient, but many studies highlighted that the strategies’ efficiency may be influenced by some different aspects such as personality. In this project, the efficiency of several strategies (e.g., reappraisal, suppression, distraction, …) has been studied according to personality profiles, by using the Big Five personality model and the Maladaptive Personality Trait Model. Moreover, the strategies’ efficiency has been tested according to the main emotional responses, namely experience, expressivity and physiological arousal. Results mainly highlighted the differential impact of strategies on individuals and a slight impact of personality. An important factor seems however to be the emotion parameter we are considering, potentially revealing a complex interplay between strategy, personality, and the considered emotion response. Based on these outcomes, further clinical aspects and recommendations will be also discussed.
Mon, 18 Mar 2024
Ganzflicker: Using light-induced hallucinations to predict risk factors of psychosis
Rhythmic flashing light, or “Ganzflicker”, can elicit altered states of consciousness and hallucinations, bringing your mind’s eye out into the real world. What do you experience if you have a super mind’s eye, or none at all? In this talk, I will discuss how Ganzflicker has been used to simulate psychedelic experiences, how it can help us predict symptoms of psychosis, and even tap into the neural basis of hallucinations.
Mon, 25 Mar 2024
How to tell if someone is hiding something from you? An overview of the scientific basis of deception and concealed information detection
I my talk I will give an overview of recent research on deception and concealed information detection. I will start with a short introduction on the problems and shortcomings of traditional deception detection tools and why those still prevail in many recent approaches (e.g., in AI-based deception detection). I want to argue for the importance of more fundamental deception research and give some examples for insights gained therefrom. In the second part of the talk, I will introduce the Concealed Information Test (CIT), a promising paradigm for research and applied contexts to investigate whether someone actually recognizes information that they do not want to reveal. The CIT is based on solid scientific theory and produces large effects sizes in laboratory studies with a number of different measures (e.g., behavioral, psychophysiological, and neural measures). I will highlight some challenges a forensic application of the CIT still faces and how scientific research could assist in overcoming those.
Mon, 15 Apr 2024
The Role of Cognitive Appraisal in the Relationship between Personality and Emotional Reactivity
Emotion is defined as a rapid psychological process involving experiential, expressive and physiological responses. These emerge following an appraisal process that involves cognitive evaluations of the environment assessing its relevance, implication, coping potential, and normative significance. It has been suggested that changes in appraisal processes lead to changes in the resulting emotional nature. Simultaneously, it was demonstrated that personality can be seen as a predisposition to feel more frequently certain emotions, but the personality-appraisal-emotional response chain is rarely fully investigated. The present project thus sought to investigate the extent to which personality traits influence certain appraisals, which in turn influence the subsequent emotional reactions via a systematic analysis of the link between personality traits of different current models, specific appraisals, and emotional response patterns at the experiential, expressive, and physiological levels. Major results include the coherence of emotion components clustering, and the centrality of the pleasantness, coping potential and consequences appraisals, in context; and the differentiated mediating role of cognitive appraisal in the relation between personality and the intensity and duration of an emotional state, and autonomic arousal, such as Extraversion-pleasantness-experience, and Neuroticism-powerlessness-arousal. Elucidating these relationships deepens our understanding of individual differences in emotional reactivity and spot routes of action on appraisal processes to modify upcoming adverse emotional responses, with a broader societal impact on clinical and non-clinical populations.
Mon, 22 Apr 2024
Enabling witnesses to actively explore faces and reinstate study-test pose during a lineup increases discrimination accuracy
In 2014, the US National Research Council called for the development of new lineup technologies to increase eyewitness identification accuracy (National Research Council, 2014). In a police lineup, a suspect is presented alongside multiple individuals known to be innocent who resemble the suspect in physical appearance know as fillers. A correct identification decision by an eyewitness can lead to a guilty suspect being convicted or an innocent suspect being exonerated from suspicion. An incorrect decision can result in the perpetrator remaining at large, or even a wrongful conviction of a mistakenly identified person. Incorrect decisions carry considerable human and financial costs, so it is essential to develop and enact lineup procedures that maximise discrimination accuracy, or the witness’ ability to distinguish guilty from innocent suspects. This talk focuses on new technology and innovation in the field of eyewitness identification. We will focus on the interactive lineup, which is a procedure that we developed based on research and theory from the basic science literature on face perception and recognition. The interactive lineup enables witnesses to actively explore and dynamically view the lineup members. The procedure has been shown to maximize discrimination accuracy, which is the witness’ ability to discriminate guilty from innocent suspects. The talk will conclude by reflecting on emerging technological frontiers and research opportunities.